Get Social:


Osseous Surgery: Everything You Need to Know

Osseous surgery is a dental procedure performed to treat gum disease, specifically focusing on bone irregularities in the jaw. It’s often part of a comprehensive gum pocket reduction surgery, which tackles gum disease by removing harmful bacteria and infected tissue.

Understanding Gum Disease and Osseous Surgery’s Role

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an inflammatory condition that affects the gums and supporting bone. If left untreated, it can lead to serious health problems. Osseous surgery steps in when gum pockets – the spaces between the teeth and gums – become too deep (usually exceeding 3 millimeters) for regular cleaning. These deep pockets trap bacteria, making it difficult to maintain oral hygiene and increasing the risk of infection.

The Osseous Surgery Procedure

Osseous surgery is typically performed by our periodontist, Dr. Payal, a dental specialist trained in gum disease treatment. It’s often an outpatient procedure conducted under local anesthesia. Here’s a general breakdown of what to expect:

  1. Gingival flap creation: The periodontist makes an incision in the gum tissue to expose the underlying bone.
  2. Bone reshaping: Irregularities in the jawbone are smoothed out to create a more even surface. This allows for better gum attachment and easier cleaning.
  3. Deep cleaning: The periodontist removes tartar (plaque buildup) and infected tissue from the gum pockets.
  4. Flap closure: The gum tissue is stitched back into place.

Benefits of Osseous Surgery

The primary benefit of osseous surgery is improved oral hygiene. By eliminating deep pockets and smoothing the bone surface, it becomes easier to brush and floss effectively, preventing further bacterial buildup and infection. This helps halt the progression of gum disease and promotes overall oral health.

Potential Risks and Considerations

As with any surgery, there are potential risks associated with osseous surgery. These include:

  • Infection: Proper post-surgical care is crucial to prevent infection.
  • Bleeding: Some bleeding is expected after surgery, but excessive bleeding should be reported to your dentist.
  • Discomfort: Pain and swelling are common after surgery. Pain medication can help manage discomfort.

It’s important to discuss your medical history with our periodontist before undergoing osseous surgery. We can assess your individual risk factors and determine if this procedure is the right course of action for you.

Maintaining Oral Health After Osseous Surgery

Following dentist’s instructions for post-surgical care is essential for optimal healing and long-term success. This may include:

  • Pain management with medication
  • Maintaining good oral hygiene with gentle brushing and flossing
  • Attending follow-up appointments for monitoring

Osseous surgery is a valuable tool for treating gum disease and promoting long-term oral health. By understanding the procedure, its benefits, and potential risks, you can make informed decisions about your dental care.